Wow, an incredibly uninspiring title for what is a fab little resource that I’ve just discovered to introduce and review the time. You can drag the minute and hour hands to the time you want – quick tip, if you’re adjusting both the hour and minutes, move the hour hand first. You can remove the digital clock by clicking off on the right-hand side or set the clock to show real time. If the second hand is getting in your way, you can remove it by clicking on the drop-down Mode menu, then Style, selecting the box second hand and then clicking on the cross at the bottom of the colour palette.Great as an introduction to telling the time or for a quick review activity at the start of the lesson.
Introducing new vocabulary can often be a tedious, rote-learning affair: the teacher holds up a flashcard, elicits what it shows, models the correct pronunciation, the learners repeat and we move on to the next word. Whilst this is an effective way of exposing our learners to single words, we can do so much more to engage them and make the process of assimilating new lexis much more enjoyable.
Take for example, the flashcard below from Macmillan, “ball”. This may be as much as we want our learners to take from the flashcard, but with a little encouragement we can build them to saying, “It’s a big, orange and green ball” and more!
So how can we build this sentence with our young learners? It happens something like this:
Teacher (holding up flashcard): What’s this?
Teacher: It’s a ball. (mimes for learners to repeat)
Learners: It’s a ball.
Teacher (whispering): It’s a ball.
Learners (whispering): It’s a ball.
Teacher (shouting): It’s a ball.
Learners (shouting): It’s a ball.
Teacher: Is it big or small? (with appropriate hand gestures)
Teacher: It’s a big ball. (gestures for learners to repeat – and again the process of drilling with different voices: whispering, shouting, slowly, faster, with a robotic voice, with a squeaky voice)
Teacher: What colour is it?
Learners: Orange and green.
Teacher: It’s a big, orange and green ball. (and again the teacher drills the sentence in a number of different voices, both chorally and individually)
We’ve now moved learners away from a single word to a full sentence, using correct adjective order and grammatical structure. As learners become accustomed to this style of introducing new lexis, they begin responding more fully when asked and within a short time will automatically respond with “It’s a…”
But this style of lexical exposure can still be dull for our learners – and this is where a little imagination can have a very positive role.
It’s a sandwich. But what’s in it? Elicit tomato and lettuce and drill, “It’s a tomato and lettuce sandwich”. Then ask them if there are spiders in the sandwich – after an initial, “no! Urgh!”, someone’s bound to shout “Yes!” Then they can come up with their own ideas – anything goes if it’s in a full sentence. What’s important is that they’re repeating the core lexis – by the end of the lesson they will have said sandwich who knows how many times…and it’ll stick.
I’m not a fan of games where people get eliminated – both in terms of the group dynamic and linguistic production. Here’s a quick five-minute filler which will hopefully ensure learners avoid elimination.
Everyone stands in a circle and the lexical topic is chosen, for example food. Go round in a circle naming food; if somebody repeats or takes too long to think, they go down on one knee. If they forget again, they go down on the other knee – as I use this game just in the last minutes of class, it’s always been time to go before anyone has actually got to that stage. Another option could be that if someone is down on one knee and provides a correct answer, they can stand up again.
I was feeling a bit uninspired the other day before my S2 and S3 classes (6 and 7 year olds)…I could feel that the learners, especially in the S2 class, were getting a little tired of the same old revision activities with flashcards. So I went through to Chris‘ class and started thinking about games I’d done in the past to review lexis and then asked him for some more ideas. This is the list we came up with in a couple of minutes…
Secret Code: put three flashcards on the board facedown and tell the class which lexical set each one comes from. Learners then guess the code. With VYLs, I do it like this; with YLs you can give them ticks when they guess one or two correctly…but not say which word was correct. A disadvantage to this game is that it doesn’t encourage or really allow space for BIG language, just single lexical items.
Board Slap: I still haven’t invested in fly swatters, although I see a number of my colleagues have. There are a number of varieties for Vocabulary Slaps – again though I feel it doesn’t provide learners with the opportunity for BIG language.
Shark: This is actually a favourite in most of my classes…with each incorrect guess the man drops down a step. Will the class guess the word and save him? (Although there are groups who actually lose on purpose so the poor chap gets eaten! )
Teacher, stop!: In this activity the teacher shuffles through the flashcards facedown until one learner says, “Teacher, stop!” and then asks, “Have you got…?” This activity could easily be adapted to allow for a greater range of language. For example, when working with animals learners could ask a question about the animal such as “Has it got four legs?” or “Does it live in the jungle?”
On your head: VYLs especially like this activity because it shows that they know the vocabulary better than the teacher! Shuffle through the cards then hold one up (above your head) and make a sentence about it…at the most basic lvel this would be, “It’s a pencil.” The learners then respond either with “Yes, it is” or “Yes, you’re right” or, as is more commonly the case, “No, it isn’t” with varying amounts of laughter followed by a correct sentence about the flashcard.
Describing: Another activity which works better with some lexical sets than others – choose one flashcard and describe it; learners guess what it is from the description.
Circle Drill: Although we often associate drills with phonology, they can be useful with flashcards to help learners remember less frequent or more complex lexis. Choose the flashcards which learners are having most difficulty remembering and then pass them round in a circle, ensuring the learner says the word as they have the card. To add a bit of mayhem, have a number of cards going in opposite directions.
Pasapalabra: An activity adapted from a Spanish TV show, both classes really enjoyed playing this on Thursday. Choose 8-10 flashcards from different lexical sets and then put them in a pile facedown. This is an individual activity, but it’s important for the others in the group to be attentive as it’s being played. Choose which learner is going first and hold up the first flashcard; if they say the correct word, move on to the next and so on. If they say the wrong word, play passes to the next learner and you start from the beginning. Again, this is good for discrete items.
With all the activities above, after modelling how it is played, a learner can become “Question Master” with guidance from the teacher.
Target: Stick four flashcards to the board, one in each corner. The first learner makes a sentence about one of the flashcards and if their sentence is correct, they try to hit the flashcard with a ball. If they hit it, they win the card and play passes to the next learner. This activity encourages learners to move beyond single words and becomes even more demanding if learners aren’t allowed to repeat the same sentence throughout the game.
This last activity can be adapted to play with higher levels and is especially useful for learners preparing for Cambridge PET in which they have to describe a photo. For each flashcard, learner must introduce their sentence describing the location of the flashcard on the board. For example, “In the bottom left there’s a camel.”
A tweak on an old favourite…
This is the video they were going to watch if I’d had a cable (my laptop ceases to exist unless it’s plugged in all the time!).